(1804–1888) was an American physician
and a missionary
who introduced Western medical techniques into Qing Dynasty
China. It was said that Parker "opened China to the gospel at the point of a lancet."
Parker was born in Framingham, Massachusetts
in 1804 to an orthodox Congregational
family. His parents were farmers. Parker received a B.A.
degree from Yale University
in 1831, and his M.D.
degree from the Yale Medical School
, then called Medical Institution of Yale College, in 1834. In January 1834, he completed his theological studies at Yale and was ordained as a Presbyterian
minister. Christopher Gundman, Biographical Dictionary of Christianity in China
In February 1834, Parker traveled to Canton
, where he had the distinction of being the first full-time Protestant medical missionary to China. In 1835, he opened in that city the Ophthalmic Hospital, which later became the Guangzhou Boji Hospital
(the Canton Hospital). Parker specialized in diseases of the eye, including cataracts
, and also resected tumors
. Parker also introduced Western anesthesia
in the form of sulphuric ether
. He served as president of the Medical Missionary Society of China
after his mentor Thomas Richardson Colledge
In 1844, Parker worked as Caleb Cushing
's main interpreter during the negotiations of the Treaty of Wanghia
with the Qing
Empire. The treaty stipulated that it could be renegotiated after 12 years and in... Read More