(; ) is a ballet
with music by Russian composer Igor Stravinsky
, composed in 1910–11 and revised in 1947.Petrushka
is a story of a Russian traditional puppet
, who is made of straw and with a bag of sawdust as his body, but who comes to life and develops emotions.
According to Andrew Wachtel, Petrushka
is a work that fuses music, ballet, choreography and history in perfect balance. It evokes Richard Wagner
(total artwork), but with a Russian approach.
Stravinsky composed the music during the winter of 1910–11 for Sergei Diaghilev
's Ballets Russes
. It was premièred in Paris at the Théâtre du Châtelet
on June 13, 1911 under conductor Pierre Monteux
, with choreography by Mikhail Fokine
and sets by Alexandre Benois
. The title role was danced by Vaslav Nijinsky
. While the production was generally a success, some members of the audience were taken aback by music that was brittle, caustic, and at times even grotesque. One critic approached Diaghilev after a dress rehearsal and said, "And it was to hear this
that you invited us?" Diaghilev succinctly replied, "Exactly". When Diaghilev and his company traveled to Vienna in 1913, the Vienna Philharmonic initially refused to play the score, deriding Petrushka
as schmutzige Musik
The work is characterized by the so-called Petrushka......