The Pfyn Culture
is one of several archaeological cultures
of the Neolithic
period in Switzerland
. It dates from c. 3900 BC to c. 3500 BC.
The oldest traces of a settlement are about west of Pfyn in the former peat bog
. Located in a depression
carved by a lateral moraine
of the Thur glacier, it dates from the Neolithic
era (4300 BC). The settlement site was discovered during peat cutting in the late 19th Century, but subsequently forgotten. During the war years 1940-41 an attempt to drain the bog to increase arable production land, led to its rediscovery. drainage work on arable production was raised again. In the autumn of 1944, an area of approximately was excavated by interned Polish soldiers
led by Charles Keller-Tarnuzzer. Due to the topographical conditions, and an exploratory drilling project in 2002, it appears that about 60% of the settlement area has been excavated.
During the 1944 excavation 17 different houses were found. The houses are located along a north-south main street with the gables
facing the street. The buildings are almost exclusively built with two naves
and have lengths of and widths from . It is striking that several houses of vastly different sizes lay side by side, suggesting perhaps larger homes with smaller farm buildings. The house floors were all built with complex support structures and overlying split boards, which were usually covered with clay. Midden
heaps in... Read More