, short for post-graduate year
, refers to a North American
numerical scheme denoting the progress of post-graduate dental, medicine, or pharmacy residents in their residency
program. It is used to stratify responsibility in most training programs and to determine salary
. The grade of the resident is denoted with a numeral after the PGY designation, such as PGY-3 for a third year resident.
The length of residency depends mostly on the field a graduate chooses to take. Medical specialties such as family medicine
and internal medicine
often require only three years, whereas surgery
usually requires a minimum of five, and neurological surgery is the longest at seven years. Subspecialization (vascular or orthopedic spine surgery as a branch of surgery, for example) in any field will add time to post-graduate training.
For more information on specific medical residency programs, see the American Medical Association's Fellowship and Residency Electronic Interactive Database
Dental residencies for general practice
, known as GPRs, are generally one year, with a possibility of a second year at some facilities. Dental specialties, such as Oral and maxillofacial surgery
also require further training (4-6 years). Most specialty programs do not require students to have completed a year of GPR, but it most definitely increases the chances of the applicant.
Pharmacy residencies are usually one year, but a PGY-2 can be completed, often as an option, for pharmacy specialties such as... Read More