Philip de Braose

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Description:
Philip de Braose, 2nd Lord of Bramber (c.1070-c.1134) was an Anglo-Norman nobleman and Marcher Lord.

Early career

His father, William de Braose (died around 1093–1096) had participated in the victory at the Battle of Hastings in support of William the Conqueror. He had been rewarded with a barony and lands in Sussex and the Welsh Marches. Philip was born about 1070 to 1073 in Bramber, his mother being Eve de Boissey or Agnes de St. Clare. Philip as heir consolidated these lands, and expanded them. In 1096 he confirmed his father's gifts to the Abbey of St. Florent. Through marriage to Aenor, daughter of Juhel of Totnes or Totenais (born 1084) he also acquired land in Totnes, Devon and held this lordship also.

Military achievements

It was Philip de Braose who conquered the Welsh borderlands at Builth and New Radnor and established new Norman lordships over them. He seems to have gone on the First Crusade in 1103. He was responsible for the building of St. Nicolas' Church, Old Shoreham in Sussex and founded the port at New Shoreham.

Later life

He supported King Henry I of England against Robert Curthose and then in 1110 revolted against Henry, who then confiscated his estates. He regained his lordships and his lands in 1112 and was thereafter able to retain them, in 1130 passing them intact to his eldest son William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber. He fathered a second son, also called Philip, and two daughters, Basilia and Gillian. It is thought that he died between...
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