Philip the Tetrarch
(sometimes called Herod Philip II
by modern writers) was son of Herod the Great
and his fifth wife Cleopatra of Jerusalem
and half-brother of Herod Antipas
and Herod Archelaus
(not to be confused with Herod II, whom some writers call Herod Philip I.
Philip inherited the northeast part of his father's kingdom and is mentioned briefly in the Bible by Luke (3:1). He married his niece Salome
, the daughter of Herodias
and a member of the Herodian dynasty sometimes called Herod Philip I, but also known as Herod II
, or sometimes Philip of Rome. This Salome appears in the Bible in connection with the execution of John the Baptist
. The evangelist Mark (6:17) writes that Philip was her father, which seems an odd mistake until one realizes that the older half-brother of Philip the Tetrarch (Herod Philip II) is also sometimes named Herod Philip - Herod Philip I. Philip the Tetrarch rebuilt the city of Caesarea Philippi
, calling it by his own name to distinguish it from the Caesarea
on the sea-coast which was the seat of the Roman government.
There is no contemporary evidence for Philip the Tetrarch's use of the name 'Herod Philip' as a dynastic title, as occurred with his brothers Herod Antipas and Herod Archelaus; however, his birth name was Philip ben Herod. 'Herod Philip I' is better known as Herod II
. 'Herod Philip II is better known as Philip the Tetrarch. It is an example of the great difficulty in establishing the relationships of various holders of the same... Read More