(4 September 1900 – 4 April 1975) was a German cartoonist best known for his antisemitic caricatures
in the Nazi publication Der Stürmer
, under the pen-name
Born in Nuremberg
, Rupprecht emigrated to Argentina
in 1920 after World War I
, where he worked as a waiter and a cowboy on a cattle ranch. He returned to Nuremberg around 1924, and was hired by the Fränkische Tagespost
, a newspaper linked to the German Social Democrats
. When he was dispatched to cover the second Luppe-Streicher trial with instructions to draw a caricature of Julius Streicher
, he instead drew caricatures of Nuremberg's Mayor, Hermann Luppe
, and a prominent Nuremberg Jew also involved in the trial. The cartoons were published by Der Stürmer
in December 1925, and Rupprecht was hired by the paper.
With the exception of 1927, he was the Stürmer's sole regular cartoonist under the pen-name of "Fips" until February 2, 1945, when the last edition of Der Stürmer
appeared, drawing thousands of antisemitic caricatures. His style changed during the course of his career, but his caricatures always depicted Jews as short, fat, ugly, unshaven, drooling, sexually perverted, bent-nosed, and with piglike eyes. One depicted a despondant mother smoking while neglecting her child in a lonely rooming house, with a picture of her Jewish seducer on the floor, with the caption: "Everything in her has died. She......