Phoolpur is located at . It has an average elevation of 81 metres (265 feet).this is famous place of azamgarhit is also famous for their mircha mandi (Chilli Market)It is Tahsil in Azamgarh district. Ambari,Bhedia,Palthi,didarganj,belwana,mahul,ahraula Pawai,are villages.
India census, Phulpur had a population of 8310. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Phulpur has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 69%, and female literacy is 57%. In Phulpur, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.