is the capital city of the Paraguayan department
, located along the Paraguay River
in the southwestern part of the country. Located about from Asunción
, Pilar serves as an important center of commerce and government for the far southwestern region of the country.
Pilar was founded by Pedro Melo
on October 12, 1779. The original name of the settlemnt was Villa del Ñeembucú
, named for the nearby Arroyo Ñeembucú that flows into the Paraguay River. Four years later it was renamed Villa del Pilar
by Spanish priest
Marcial Antonio Uliambre, for the Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar
() in his hometown of Zaragoza
The old town council building in Pilar is where former president Francisco Solano López
is believed to have uttered a now famous phrase in defiance against combatants in the costly War of the Triple Alliance
: "Never shall the sacred insignia of my country fall from my hands".
Situated near the confluence of the Paraguay and Paraná
rivers, Pilar is in a region of the country with many small streams, rivers and wetlands
that contribute to a humid climate. The average annual temperature is . Summer temperatures can reach as high as , and it winter it drops to as low as . The rainy months are January, March, April and October; the dryer are May and August.
Pilar has a total population of 29,327, with 14,298 men and 15,030 women, according to information provided by the General... Read More