Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk

Pilgrimage Church Of Saint John Of Nepomuk

World Heritage Site
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Pilgrimage Church of Saint John of Nepomuk

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Description:
The Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora (Gruenberg) in Žďár nad Sázavou, near the border between Bohemia and Moravia, is the final masterpiece of Jan Santini Aichel, a maverick Bohemian architect who combined the Borrominiesque Baroque with references to Gothic elements in both construction and decoration.

In 1719, when the Roman Catholic Church declared the tongue of John of Nepomuk to be "incorruptible", work started to build a church in Zelena Hora, where the future saint had received his early education. It was consecrated immediately after John's beatification in 1720, although construction works lumbered on until 1727. Half a century later, after a serious fire, the shape of the roof was altered.

The church, with many furnishings designed by Santini himself, is remarkable for its gothicizing features and complex symbolism, quite unusual for the time. In 1993, it was declared a World Heritage Site. The nomination dossier pointed out to Santini's ratios aimed at "the creation of an independent spatial reality", with "the number 5 being dominant in the layout and proportions" of the church.

Gallery

<gallery>File:Jan Santini Aichel - Zelená Hora Drawing 01.jpg|Original drawing by Jan Santini AichelFile:Jan Santini Aichel - Zelená Hora Drawing 02.jpg|Original drawing by Jan Santini AichelFile:Jan Santini Aichel - Zelená Hora ground plan 1.jpg|Ground plan of the churchFile:Jan Santini Aichel - Zelená Hora...
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