When distinguished as a subset of handguns
, a pistol is a handgun with a chamber that is integral with the barrel, as opposed to a revolver
, wherein the chamber is separate from the barrel as a revolving cylinder
. Typically, pistols have an effective range of about 100 feet.
There are two possible origins of the name pistol. According to the first one, the word pistol is derived from Czech
. The hussite warriors
introduced guns called píšťala
in the 1420s . Germans called them pitschale
and so on. Later German raiders brought the guns as well as the name to France, were they were known by terms pistole
. According to alternative source, the word "pistol" is derived from the French word pistole
, which have originated from the city of Pistoia
, Italy where hand-held guns (designed to be fired from horseback) were first produced in the 1540s.
Most often seen types of pistol are the single shot, revolver and semi-automatic.
These types of handgun were mainly seen during the era of flintlock and musket weaponry where the pistol was loaded with a lead ball and fired by a percussion cap. However, as technology improved, so did the single shot pistol. New operating mechanisms were... Read More