Pleissnerland

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Pleissnerland, Pleissenland or the Imperial Territory of Pleissenland (; ) was a Reichsgut of the Holy Roman Empire, which meant that it was directly possessed by the respective Emperor. It was named for the Plei├če River, and was located in what is now in the German states of Thuringia and Saxony, including the towns of Altenburg, Chemnitz and Leisnig.

The area was conquered between 927 and 929 by Henry I of Germany in the course of his campaign against the Polabian Slavs. The estate gained in importance with the rise of the House of Hohenstaufen in the 12th century: Duke Frederick II of Swabia, the nephew of the last Salian emperor Henry V, claimed the imperial domains as a part of his heritage. When his younger brother Conrad III was finally elected King of the Romans in 1138, he relied on the Pleissnerland around the Altenburg Kaiserpfalz as a personal allodium in the quarrels with Henry the Proud and his successors from the House of Welf.

Like the Egerland, the imperial territory Terra Plisensis administered by burgraves in Altenburg, Leisnig, Colditz and Lausick was a creation of Conrad's nephew Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa, who also established the town of Chemnitz. The Hohenstaufen managed to retain the overlordship of the Pleissnerland even during the reign of the Welf Emperor Otto IV from 1209 to 1218. In 1243 Frederick II of Hohenstaufen, entangled in his conflict with Pope Innocent IV, finally had to grant the Pleissnerland as a dowry of his daughter Margaret,...
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