(1893–1976), the first Chairman of the Communist Party of China
and leader of the People's Republic of China
for nearly 30 years, wrote poetry
, much of it at the time of the Red Army's
epic retreat during the Long March
All of Mao's poems are all in the traditional Chinese verse style
. Though Mao may not be one of the best Chinese poets, his poems are generally considered well-written and of high literary quality.
As did most Chinese intellectuals of his generation, Mao received rigorous education in Chinese classical literature
, and thus his skill in poetry is of little surprise. His style was deeply influenced by the great Tang Dynasty
poets Li Bai
and Li He
. He is considered to be a romantic
poet, in contrast to the realist
poets represented by Du Fu
Many of Mao's poems are still very popular in China. They are frequently quoted in popular culture, literature and daily conversations. Some of his most well-known poems are "Changsha" (1925), "The Double Ninth" (1929.10), "Loushan Pass" (1935), "The Long March" (1935), "Snow" (1936.02), "The PLA Captures Nanjing" (1949.04), "Reply to Li Shuyi" (1957.05.11), and "Ode to the Plum Blossom" (1961.12). General consensus is that his pre-1949 works are superior.
Mao's poems are usually published as a list of twenty poems.
This poem is usually considered one of Mao's best.
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