is often an ambiguous term that denotes the studies and research which directly or indirectly deal with police work. Studies and research in criminology
, forensic science
, community policing
, criminal justice
, correctional administration and penology
all come under this umbrella term 'police science'. It thus includes physical and social sciences.
UK has developed the Police National Computer
as a sophisticated intelligence tool that holds extensive data on criminals, vehicles and property, and accessible in a matter of seconds through over 30,000 terminals across the country.PITO
reports that a national fingerprint and DNA database
has been developed containing over 3.4 million DNA profiles providing the police with an average of 3,000 matches a month. In 2004-5 there were over 40,000 matches.
The police use a wide range of technologies to curb road traffic offences like speeding and drink driving including breathalyser
devices, bus lane enforcement cameras, immobilisation devices, light signals devices and speed measuring devices.