A diverse variety of informal political groups emerged during the presidency of Vladimir Putin
. They include remnants of the so-called the Yeltsin Family, Sankt Petersburg
lawyers and -economists, and security-intelligence elements called the siloviki
When Putin came to power, he had few protégés or long-term associates, and had to balance various competitive elements as he crafted his team. In contrast to the Yeltsin years, Putin's regime was marked by personnel stability, a gradual elevation of trusted associates and coalition-building across competing interests both within the presidential administration and with other political actors.
Vladimir Putin, former employee of the Leningrad
and Leningrad Oblast KGB
Directorate and former Chief of the Committee for External Relations of Saint Petersburg Mayor's Office
, had come to the presidency in 2000, many political observers noticed quick career promotion of bureaucracy and businesspeople from Saint Petersburg
to the federal power bodies (especially the Presidential Executive Office
, a very influential institution that has always been totally controlled by the presidential authority) and large state-controlled companies (such as Gazprom
) and their struggle against old Moscow elites loyal to Boris Yeltsin
's family, known as Family group
, as well as against influential media tycoon Boris......