The Pont de Normandie
is a cable-stayed road bridge
that spans the river Seine
linking Le Havre
, northern France
. Its total length is – between the two piers.
The bridge was designed by Michel Virlogeux
with the help of Igor Zizic. The architects were François Doyelle
and Charles Lavigne.. Retrieved 30 September
2006. Construction by Bouygues
, Campenon Bernard
, Monberg & Thorsen, Quillery
and Spie Batignolles
began in 1988
and lasted 7 years. The bridge opened on 20 January 1995.
At that time the bridge was both the longest cable-stayed bridge in the world, and had the record for the longest distance between piers for any cable-stayed bridge. It was more than 250 m longer between piers than the previous record. This record was lost in 1999 to the Tatara Bridge
. Its record for length for a cable-stayed bridge was lost in 2004 to the 2883 meters of the Rio-Antirrio
. At the end of construction, the bridge had cost $465 million and was financed by Natixis.
The cable-stayed design was chosen because it was both cheaper and more resistant to high winds than a suspension bridge
The span, wide, is divided into four lanes for traffic and two lanes for pedestrians. The pylons, made of concrete, are shaped as upside-down Ys. They weigh more than 20,000 tons and are tall. More than 19,000 tons of steel were used... Read More