Divisions had simmered inside PFLP since the crack-downs on the Palestinian movements in Jordan in Black September and July 1971, which had ended in the expulsions of the Palestinian militias from Jordan. A tendency within PFLP accused that the 'incompetence' of the 'right-wing leadership' of PFLP was to blame for the defeat.Al-Djabha-Fronten 2/1973, p. 27 The politburo of the Arab Socialist Action Party was called in to mediate between the two fractions.The ASAP leadership is said to have sided with the leftist tendency within PFLP. Moreover its claimed that George Habash, leader of the 'right-wing tendency' launched the idea of transforming the PFLP into a marxist-leninist organization during the discussions with the ASAP politburo. Al-Djabha-Fronten 2/1973, p. 30Al-Djabha-Fronten 2/1973, p. 24
Around 150 PFLP militants joined PRFLP. PRFLP never got to play any major role in the Palestinian struggle. In its initial phase of existence, it is said to have received support from Fatah.