<!-- Infobox ends -->Port Elizabeth
(; colloquial The Bay
or ) is one of the largest cities in South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province
, east of Cape Town
. The city, often shortened to PE
and nicknamed "The Friendly City" or "The Windy City", stretches for 16 km along Algoa Bay
, and is one of the major seaports
in South Africa. It is also referred to as Africa's Watersport Capital.
Port Elizabeth was founded as a town in 1820 to house British settlers
as a way of strengthening the border region between the Cape Colony
and the Xhosa
. It now forms part of the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality
which has a population of over 1.3 million.
The area around what is now called Algoa Bay
was first settled by hunting and gathering people ancestral to the San
at least 100,000 years ago. A little over 2,000 years ago, agriculturalist populations ancestral to the Xhosa
migrated into the region from the north, eventually displacing or assimilating the region's indigenes.
The first Europeans to have visited the area were Portuguese explorers Bartholomew Dias
, who landed on St Croix Island in Algoa Bay in 1488, and Vasco da Gama
who noted the nearby Bird Island
in 1497. For centuries, the area was simply marked on navigation charts as "a landing place with fresh water".
One of the Portuguese's main goals... Read More