refers to high level talks attempting to address global warming
by limiting greenhouse gas
emissions. Generally part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
(UNFCCC), these talks concern the period after the first "commitment period" of the Kyoto Protocol
, which is due to expire at the end of 2012
. Negotiations have been mandated by the adoption of the Bali Road Map
and Decision 1/CP.13 ("The Bali Action Plan").
UNFCCC negotiations are conducted within two subsidiary bodies, the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA) and the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP) and are expected to culminate in the United Nations Climate Change Conference taking place in December 2009 in Copenhagen (COP-15
); negotiations are supported by a number of external processes, including the G8 process, a number of regional meetings and the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate that was launched by US President Barack Obama
in March 2009. High level talks were held at the meeting of the G8+5 Climate Change Dialogue
in February 2007 and at a number of subsequent G8 meetings, most recently leading to the adoption of the G8 leaders declaration "Responsible Leadership for a Sustainable Future" during the G8 summit in L´Aquila, Italy, in July 2009.