Potassium sulfate

Potassium Sulfate

Potassium sulfate

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Description:
Potassium sulfate (K<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>) (in British English potassium sulphate, also called sulphate of potash, arcanite, or archaically known as potash of sulfur) is a non-flammable white crystalline salt which is soluble in water. The chemical is commonly used in fertilizers, providing both potassium and sulfur.

History

Potassium sulfate (K<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>) has been known since early in the 14th century, and it was studied by Glauber, Boyle and Tachenius. In the 17th century, it was named arcanuni or sal duplicatum, as it was a combination of an acid salt with an alkaline salt. It was also known as vitriolic tartar and Glaser's salt or sal polychrestum Glaseri after the pharmaceutical chemist Christopher Glaser who prepared it and used medicinally.

Natural resources

The mineral form of potassium sulfate, arcanite, is relatively rare. Natural resources of potassium sulfate are minerals abundant in the Stassfurt salt. These are cocrystalisations of potassium sulfate and sulfates of magnesium calcium and sodium.

The minerals are:

  • Kainite, MgSO<sub>4</sub>·KCl·H<sub>2</sub>O
  • Schönite, K<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>·MgSO<sub>4</sub>·6H<sub>2</sub>O
  • Leonite, K<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>·MgSO<sub>4</sub>·4H<sub>2</sub>O
  • Langbeinite,......
  • ...

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