The or for short, was a Japanese nuclear energy research organization established October 2, 1967
with the Atomic Fuel Corporation
as its parent organization and disbanded 1998 to be restructured as Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute
. The organization specialized in special Breeder reactors
and the Advanced Thermal Reactor
. It also owned a Nuclear reprocessing
facility and its activities included Uranium exploration in Australia and disposal of high level waste.
In the fast growing 1960s Japanese business world, domestic reactor technology was mostly undeveloped so importing reactor designs and nuclear fuel proved to be the best economic option. Uranium enrichment
technology at the time also had military secrets associated with it, making importing a necessity.
Since Japan had very few hydraulic energy resources, breeder reactors and renewable energy were attractive technologies. However, the organization existing at the time to do such research, the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
had been falling into an unstable situation, and tests done on nuclear power plants were limited and regulated by the companies that owned the plants. Thus PNC was created and did development work for the Monju
reactor and other cutting edge projects. The breeder reactor technology was difficult to master due to the difficulty in handling of Sodium
, and for a time, PNC was even called the pros of Sodium.
Various accidents associated with the Tokai-mura site, Monju
plant, and... Read More