The President of the United Nations General Assembly
is a position voted for by representatives in the United Nations General Assembly
(UNGA) on a yearly basis.
The session of the assembly is scheduled for every year starting in September - any special, or emergency special, assemblies over the next year will be headed by the president of UNGA.
The presidency rotates annually between five geographic groups
: African, Asian, Eastern European
, Latin American and Caribbean, and Western European and other States
Because of their powerful stature globally, some of the largest, most powerful countries have never held the presidency, such as the People's Republic of China
, the United Kingdom
, and the United States
. In particular, it is customary that a national of a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council
never serves as General Assembly president.
The only country that had a national elected as President of the United Nations General Assembly twice is Argentina
; all the other member states had been represented only once by their nationals holding this office.
Clear and appropriate criteria have been proposed prior to the consideration of candidacies and to establish of an "elections committee" or, alternatively, a search committee. Criteria include: