The Reigning Prince
or Princess of Monaco
is the sovereign monarch
and head of state
of the Principality of Monaco
. All Princes or Princesses thus far have taken the name of the House of Grimaldi
, but have belonged to various other houses in male line. The current Prince is Albert II
Powers of the Prince
Monaco, along with Liechtenstein
and Vatican City
, is one of only three states in Europe where the monarch still plays an active role in day-to-day politics.
The Prince or Princess exercises his or her authority in accordance with the Constitution and laws. He or she represents the Principality in all foreign relations and any revision, either total or partial, of the Constitution, must be jointly agreed to by the Prince and the National Council
Legislative power is divided between the Prince who initiates the laws, and the National Council which votes on them. Executive power is retained by the Prince. The Minister of State and the Government Council are directly responsible to the Prince for the administration of the Principality.
Judiciary powers also belong to the Prince. The present Constitution states that the Prince has full authority in the courts and tribunals which render justice in his or her name.
Albert II also grants and other ranks of distinction (see Awards and decorations of Monaco
Titles and styles
Like all Monegasque nobility, the Prince is styled His Serene Highness
(or, in the case of a ruling Princess, Her Serene Highness
), abbreviated to S.A.S.......