Prince William, Duke of Gloucester

Prince William, Duke Of Gloucester

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Prince William, Duke of Gloucester

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This article is about the son of Anne of Great Britain. For the son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, see Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh. For his son, see Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh
'Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester, (24 July 1689 – 29 July 1700) was the son of Queen Anne of Great Britain and her consort, Prince George of Denmark. He was their only child to survive infancy. Because his birth seemed to cement the Protestant succession established in the Glorious Revolution, Gloucester was contemporaneously viewed as a Protestant champion. However, when Gloucester died, in 1700, the Protestant House of Stuart lost its only chance at continuation. The English Parliament did not want the throne to revert to a Catholic; therefore, Parliament passed the Act of Settlement. This settled the throne of England on Sophia, Electress of Hanover, granddaughter of James I of England, and her Protestant heirs.

Gloucester's precarious health was a constant source of worry to Anne. In Kensington, Gloucester befriended his Welsh body-servant, Jenkin Lewis, whose memoir of the Duke is an important source for historians. With Lewis, militarily minded Gloucester operated his own miniature army. The army, called the "Horse Guards", comprised 90 boys. Anne was estranged from her brother-in-law, King William III, and her sister, Queen Mary II. She used Gloucester as a tool to regain favour with William and Mary by means of...
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