The Prithviraj Raso
(पृथ्वीराज रासो) or Prithvirajaraso
is an epic poem composed by Prithviraj's court poet, Chand Bardai
, on the life of Prithviraj III Chauhan
, a Rajput
king who ruled Ajmer
between 1165 and 1192.
According to tradition, the Prithviraj Raso
was composed by Chand Bardai
, Prithviraj's court poet (raj kaviRaj kavi
can be translated as "court poet" or "royal sage" and identified a courtier who was expected both to provide advice to the king and to compose "official" histories that glorified the king. Raj kavi
were expected to accompany the king while hunting and making war. His role also may have included that of a balladeer who encouraged and exhorted the warriors to bravery in battle by reciting the great deeds of their leaders and illustrious clan forebears. In general see Bloomfield, Morton W. and Dunn, Charles W. (1992) Role of the Poet in Early Societies
(2<sup>nd</sup> edition) D.S. Brewer, Cambridge, England, ISBN 0-85991-347-3Gopal, Madan (1996) Origin and Development of Hindi/Urdu Literature
Deep & Deep Publications, New Delhi, India, page 8, As court poet, Chand Bardai had the traditional occupation of composing poems and ballads in praise of his patron and based loosely on historical incident.
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