Progressive Republican Party (Turkey)

Progressive Republican Party (Turkey)

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Progressive Republican Party (Turkey)

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The Progressive Republican Party () was the second political party after Republican People's Party in Turkey. It was established by Ali Fuat Cebesoy, Kazım Karabekir, Refet Bele, Rauf Orbay and Adnan Adıvar on 17 October 1924. The party's political activities were banned on 5 June 1925 after the Sheikh Said rebellion.

On domestic policy, the party supported a liberal democracy, but was blamed by the government for being Islamic oriented. Leader of the party was retired General Kazım Karabekir. After Mustafa Kemal Atatürk blamed Karabekir because of the Kurdish rebellion and the assassination attempt made to himself in Izmir, the party was closed on 5 June by the government. As a consequence Karabekir and many members of the party were court-martialed and imprisoned. He was released after being found innocent. However he was kept under house arrest along with 82 members of the opposition for two decades. During the presidency of İsmet İnönü he was chosen as a member of Parliament and was elected as the Speaker of the National Assembly after the end of World War II. He did see the forced democratization of Turkey after the Truman Doctrine but died before the first democratic elections in Turkey held in 1950.



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