(also known as "Common Romanian", româna comună
or "Ancient Romanian", străromâna
) is a hypothetical language
considered to have been spoken by the ancestors of today's Romanians
and related Balkan
Latin peoples (Vlachs
), between the 7th and the 9th centuries.
Proto-Romanian already had a structure very distinct from the other Romance languages, with major differences in grammar, morphology and phonology and already was a member of the Balkan linguistic union
. Most of its features can be found in the modern Eastern Romance languages
. It already contained around a hundred loans from Slavic languages, including words such as "trup" (body), as well as some Greek language loans via Vulgar Latin
, but no Hungarian words.
It was broken into the following modern languages and their dialects:
The first language that broke the unity was Aromanian, in the 9th century, followed shortly after by Megleno-Romanian. Istro-Romanian was the last to break the link with Daco-Romanian in the 11th century.
The place where Proto-Romanian formed is still under debate; most historians put it just to the north of the Jireček Line
. See: Origin of Romanians
The Roman occupation led to a Roman-Thracian syncretism
, and similar to the case of other conquered civilisation (see Gallo-Roman culture
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