A public inquiry
is an official review
of events or actions ordered by a government body in the United Kingdom, Ireland or Canada. A public inquiry differs from a Royal Commission
in that a public inquiry accepts evidence and conducts its hearings in a more public forum and focuses on a more specific occurrence. Interested members of the public and organisations may not only make (written) evidential submissions as is the case with most inquiries, but also listen to oral evidence given by other parties.
Typical events for a public inquiry are those that cause multiple deaths, such as public transport crashes or mass murders
. However, in the UK, the Planning Inspectorate
, an agency of the Department for Communities and Local Government
, routinely holds public inquiries into a range of major and lesser land use developments, including highways and other transport proposals.Advocacy groups
political parties are likely to ask for public inquiries for all manner of issues. The government of the day typically only accedes to a fraction of these requests. A public inquiry generally takes longer to report and costs more on account of its public nature. Thus when a government refuses a public inquiry on some topic, it is usually on these grounds.
The conclusions of the inquiry are delivered in the form of a written report, given first to the government, and soon after published to the public. The report will generally make recommendations to improve the quality of... Read More