Punjab and Haryana High Court
is a common High Court for both the States of Punjab
and Union territory
, in India
. It is situated at Chandigarh, the capital of the States of Punjab and Haryana. The sanctioned strenghth of this High Court is 68 judges consisting of Chief Justice, 36 Permanent Judges and 31 Additional Judges. As on 15th February, 2011, there are 42 Judges.
History of Punjab
Before the partition of India
on 15 August 1947, the areas which are now parts of the Punjab
, some parts of Himachal Pradesh
and some areas falling in West Pakistan
, formed the Punjab besides many princely states. Lahore
was its capital.
Pre-History of Legal System
The Sadder Adulate Court (Chief Court) at Lahore
was the sole Court in the Punjab province during Maharaja Ranjit Singh
's period. There were officers dealing with fiscal and military matters, but none specifically to dispense civil or criminal justice.
The annexation of the Punjab by the British was immediately followed by the creation of a Board of Administration in 1849 consisting of three Members. The Board had powers of a Sudder (Chief) Court of Judicature and a Sudder Board of Revenue.
Constitution of Appellate Court
In 1853, the Board of Administration was replaced with a Chief Commissioner, and two Principal Commissioners separately appointed for Judicial and Administrative work. The Judicial Commissioner was the Chief Judge of appeal and his Court was the final appellate... Read More