The Pyramid of Khafre
, also known as the Pyramid of Chefren
, is the second-largest of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza
and the tomb of the fourth-dynasty pharaoh Khafre
The pyramid has a base length of 215.5 m (706 ft) and rises to a height of (originally ). The Pyramid is made of Limestone blocks (weighing more than 2 tons each). The slope of the pyramid rises at an 53° 10' angle, steeper than its neighbor, the Pyramid of Khufu
which has an angle of 51°50'40". The pyramid sits on bedrock 10 m (33 ft) higher than Khufu’s pyramid which makes it appear to be taller.
The pyramid was likely opened and robbed during the First Intermediate Period
. During the 18th dynasty the overseer of temple construction robbed casing stone from it to build a temple in Heliopolis on Rameses II
’s orders. Arab historian Ibn Abd as-Salaam
recorded that the pyramid was opened in 1372. It was first explored in modern time by Giovanni Belzoni
on March 2, 1818 and the first complete exploration was conducted by John Perring
Like the Great Pyramid built by Khafre’s father Khufu, a rock outcropping was used in the core. Due to the slope of the plateau, the northwest corner was cut 10 m (33 ft) out of the rock subsoil and the southeast corner is built up.
The pyramid is built of horizontal courses. The stones used at the bottom are very... Read More