The qadaa was formerly a second-level administrative division in Syria; now this is called Mintaqah.
The Ottoman pronunciation gives the usual English forms, kaza or caza.
In the Ottoman Empire, it was an administrative district subject to the jurisdiction of a judge (qadi) and governed by a kaymakam. It was a subdivision of a sanjak and corresponded roughly to a city with its surrounding villages.
The early Republic of Turkey continued to use the term kaza, but renamed them to ilçe in the 1920s.