The Qinling Mountains
() are a major east-west mountain range
in southern Shaanxi
. The mountains provide a natural boundary between the North and South of the country, and support a huge variety of plant and wildlife, some of which is found nowhere else on Earth.
To the north is the densely populated Wei River
valley, an ancient center of Chinese civilization. To the south is the Han River
valley. To the west is the line of mountains along the northern edge of the Tibetan Plateau
. To the east are the lower Funiu Shan
and Dabie Shan
which rise out of the coastal plain.
The Northern side of the range is prone to hot weather, however the physical barrier of the mountains mean that the land to the North has a semi-arid
climate, with the lack of rich, fertile landscape can not support a wealth of wildlife. The mountains also acted as a natural defense against nomadic invasions from the North, as only four passes
cross the mountains. In the late 1990s a railway tunnel and a spiral
was completed, thereby easing travel across the range.
The highest mountain in the range is Mount Taibai
(太白山) at , which is about West of the ancient Chinese capital of Xi'an
and is the highest mountain in eastern China. Mount Hua
(华山) (), Mount Li
(骊山/驪山) (), and Mount Maiji
(麦积山) () make up the three other significant peaks in the range.
The environment of the Qinling Mountains is that... Read More