are all names for currency denominations in and around the territories formerly part of the Ottoman Empire
. The variation in the name stems from the different languages it is used in (Arabic
) and the different transcriptions into the Latin alphabet
. The name originally comes from the Italian grosso
, as in denaro grosso
, a silver coin worth twelve denari.
The original qirsh was a large, 17th century silver
piece, similar to the European thalers
, issued by the Ottomans. It was worth 40 para
. In 1844, following sustained debasement, the gold lira
was introduced, worth 100 qirsh.
In Greek, it was known as grosi
, plural grosia
As the Ottoman Empire broke up, several successor states retained the qirsh as a denomination. These included Egypt
, Saudi Arabia
itself. Others, including Jordan
, adopted the qirsh as a denomination when they established their own currencies.
The name of the Groschen
(, , , , , , ), a coin used in various German
-speaking states as well as some non-German-speaking countries of Central Europe
, the Romanian......