The Quebec Contingency Act
) was a private member's bill
tabled in Canada
's federal Parliament
in 1996 to establish the conditions which would apply to a referendum regarding the separation of Quebec
from Canada. It was a precursor to the Clarity Act
Bill C-341 was introduced by future Prime Minister
and then Reform MP Stephen Harper
, and reached First Reading on October 30, 1996. Its full title was "An Act to establish the terms and conditions that must apply to a referendum relating to the separation of Quebec from Canada before it may be recognized as a proper expression of the will of the people of Quebec."
Bill C-341 did not proceed any further in Parliament following First Reading.
<blockquote>"This enactment allows the Government of Canada to determine whether a referendum question in Quebec is clear and unambiguous.
If an affirmative answer is given to a clear question, the enactment authorizes the negotiation of separation, subject to the approval of the rest of Canada by referendum.
It affirms that a unilateral declaration of independence is ineffective with respect to Canadian law and does not affect the functioning of the Canadian Parliament, Government and courts with respect to Quebec."</blockquote>