Quintette du Hot Club de France
(“Hot Club of France Quintet”) was a jazz
group founded in France in 1934 by guitarist Django Reinhardt
and violinist Stéphane Grappelli
, and active in one form or another until 1948.
One of the earliest and most significant continental jazz
groups in Europe, the Quintette was described by critic Thom Jurek as "one of the most original bands in the history of recorded jazz." Their most famous lineup featured Reinhardt, Grappelli, bassist Louis Vola
, and rhythm guitarists Roger Chaput and Joseph Reinhardt (Django's brother) who filled out the ensemble's sound and added occasional percussive
There are several versions of how the band was formed. The most generally accepted version amongst modern jazz historians is that the group evolved from a series of backstage jams led by Django Reinhardt, with Stephane Grappelli. However, bassist Louis Vola
said in an interview that he found the Reinhardt brothers playing on a beach at Toulon. He invited them to jam with his own band, which included Grappelli and guitarist Roger Chaput.
After a series of informal jam sessions at the Hotel Claridge, concert promoters Pierre Nourry and Charles Delaunay
(leaders of the "Hot Club de France", a society chaired by Hugues Panassié
devoted to the appreciation of jazz) urged the formation of a full time group. With the addition of Reinhardt's... Read More