(NATO reporting name AA-8 Aphid
) is a lightweight air-to-air missile
designed for use by Soviet fighter aircraft
. It has been widely exported, and remains in service with the CIS
and many other nations.
The R-60 was initially developed for the MiG-23
. Work began on the weapon, under the bureau designation K-60
62), in the late 1960s. Series production began in 1973. It entered service with the designation R-60
When introduced, the R-60 was one of the world's smallest air-to-air missiles, with a launch weight of 44 kg (97 lb). It has infrared guidance
, with an uncooled Komar
) seeker head. Control is by forward rudders
with large rear fins. The distinctive canard
on the nose, known as "destabilizers," serve to improve the rudders' efficiency at high angles of attack
. The R-60 uses a small, 3 kg (6.5 lb) expanding-rod high explosive warhead
. Two different types of proximity fuze
can be fitted: the standard Strizh
(Swift) optical fuse, which can be replaced with a Kolibri
fuse. Missiles equipped with the latter fuse were designated R-60K
.Gordon, Yefim, Soviet/Russian Aircraft Weapons Since World War Two
(Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing, 2004), pp. 29-32.
According to Russian sources, practical engagement range is about 4,000 m (4,400 yd), although "brochure range" is 8 km (5 mi) at high......