Raghunath Dhondo Karve
( R. D. Karve Devanagari
: रघुनाथ धोंडो कर्वे/ र. धो. कर्वे) (January 14, 1882- October 14, 1953) was a professor of mathematics and a visionary social reformer from Maharashtra
. He was a pioneer in initiating family planning
and birth control
for masses in Mumbai
Raghunath was the eldest son of Bharat Ratna Maharshi Dhondo Keshav Karve
. His mother Radhabai died during childbirth in 1891 when he was nine. That event influenced his outlook on the issue of pregnancy.
He was borne in Murud. He studied at New English School, Pune. He stood first in matriculation examination conducted in 1899. He went to Fergusson College
, Pune and obtained Bachelor of Arts
degree in 1904.
Karve started his professional career as a professor of mathematics at Wilson College
in Mumbai. However, when he started publicly expressing his views about family planning, population control, and women's right to experience sexual/sensual pleasure as much as men, the conservative Christian administrators of the college asked him to resign from the professorship. He then devoted himself to the above causes.
On his own initiative, Karve started the very first birth control clinic in India in 1921, the same year when the first birth control clinic opened in London
Karve published a Marathi
magazine Samaj Swasthya
(समाजस्वास्थ्य) starting from July 1927 until 1953.... Read More