, or Railroad Standard Watches
, are specialized timepieces
that once were crucial for safe and correct operation of trains
in many countries. A system called Timetable and Train Order
, which relied on highly accurate timekeeping, was used to ensure that two trains could not be on the same stretch of track at the same time.
Regulations of the watches used by critical personnel on the railroads (engineer, conductor, switch yard controllers, etc.) were specified almost from the beginning of widespread railroad use in the 1850s and 1860s. These regulations became more widespread and more specific as time went on, with some watches that were "railroad standard" in one time period falling away to no longer being qualified in others. There was no absolute, universal definition used across different railroad lines; each company appointed one or more "time inspectors" (typically a watchmaker
) who decided which watches they would work on and accepted as usable. In the United States, the American Railway Association held a meeting in 1887, which resulted a fairly standardized set of requirements, Google Books - American Railway Association
- Page 8 but not all railroads adopted them.
One notable watch inspector was Webb C. Ball
. His first job as a time inspector was when he was brought in by the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railways in 1891... Read More