Railways of Slovak Republic
- Not to be confused with Slovenske železnice.
(Železnice Slovenskej republiky, ŽSR) is the state-owned railway infrastructure company in Slovakia
The company was established in 1993 as the successor of the Československé státní drahy
in Slovakia. Until 1996 it had formal and since then a de facto monopoly on railroad transportation in the country.
In 2002 a law divided the company: ŽSR was left with infrastructure maintenance, and transport was moved into company "Železničná spoločnosť, a. s." (ZSSK). In 2005 this new company was further split into "Železničná spoločnosť Slovensko
, a. s." (ZSSK) providing freight services.
ŽSR provides transportation and services that correspond to the interests of state transport policy and market requirements, including related activities
Railway has become an important prerequisite for economic and social development of the country.<br/>In 1837, it was started the construction of the first European Railway Highway. Its construction has become a potential threat to market
of agricultural goods and timber from western Slovakia. Therefore, it was founded a company in aim to build horse railway that would link the 5 royal cities between Bratislava
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