() is a town and a special grade municipality in Virudhunagar
district in the Indian
state of Tamil Nadu
. It is located 85 km southwest of Madurai
in the state of Tamil Nadu. Its main attractions are the Ayyanar Falls and the neighbour town of Srivilliputtur
. The economy is based on the manufacture of textiles, and there are mills for spinning and weaving cotton, as well as a large cotton market. It's also known for the Rajapalayam breed of dog.
Rajapalayam got its name from the name of the community that is dominant there – Rajas or Rajus
, a Telugu
-speaking community that had migrated from Andhra Pradesh
in mid 15th Century A.D. The word 'palayam' is frequently used in many Tamil cities as a suffix and it translates roughly as a 'fort'. The Raju families of Raja-palayam are descendents of families led by the brother of the Vizianagaram
Maharaja, Pusapati Chinna Raju
, who initially settled at Kila-raja-kula-raman
and then moved their settlements to Rajapalayam. The original emigrants served under Chokkanath Nayak
king of Madurai
. They purchased land from Vijay Ranga Chokkanath Nayak and constructed Rajapalayam in 1885.
Initially, agriculture was the principal source of livelihood of people of Rajapalayam. In the mid 1900s, Rajapalayam gradually evolved into a thriving business community. Due to the enterprising and hard working nature of its people, commerce developed quickly in the region and several industries,... Read More