are given by the President of India
, in some cases the prime Minister
of India, for achievements in the field of Sports, Art, Military, Literature, Cinema, Culture, Science & Technology etc. The award-giving ceremony is conducted in the Rashtrapati Bhavan
- the President's official residence. The Award is a part of the Indian honours system
. However, after gradual systematic categorizations over a period of time, the awards were made independent to the field of Achievement.
For example, from 1968, the Directorate of Film Festivals
completely took over, its charge as the governing body for National Film Awards
India. Before 1968, the award in the field of best acting in Indian Cinema
was given out as Rashtrapati Award. Other examples are, Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna
, National Bravery Award
, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology
, Jnanpith Award
, "Maharishi Badrayan Vyas Samman" (a Presidential Honour for young scholars below age 40 who have worked to bridge the ancient and the modern especially using IT) etc.