) is the Hebrew
word for rabbi
. For a more nuanced discussion see semicha
. The term is also frequently used by Orthodox Jews to refer to one's own rabbi.
In the Talmud
, the title Rav generally precedes the names of Babylonian Amoraim
, whereas the title Rabbi generally precedes the names of ordained scholars in Palestine (whether Tannaim
or Amoraim).Adin Steinsaltz, The Talmud: The Steinsaltz Edition; A Reference Guide
(New York: Random House, 1989), p. 139.
In the Talmud, Rav or Rab (used alone) is a common name for Abba Arika
, the first Amora, who established the great yeshiva
, which, using the Mishnah as text, led to the compilation of the Talmud.
In some Hasidic groups, the Rebbe
is also referred to as the rav
; in other circles, the rav
is distinct from the rebbe
and is the highest dayan
(judge) of the group.
The term rav
is also a generic term for a teacher or a personal spiritual guide. For example, the Talmud
tells us that "Joshua ben Perachyah said: Provide for yourself a teacher (rav
will sometimes refer to Maimonides
or The Rav
From the 16th century, Rav
or the Rav
generally referred to Rabbi Obadiah ben Abraham
being an acronym for the Hebrew for R
badiah of B
artenura (רעב) which could also be pronounced "Rav".
More recently, as a sign of great respect, some rabbis are simply called the Rav
even outside of their personal followings. Note... Read More