() was the paramilitary force organized by the Pakistan Army
during the Bangladesh Liberation War
(رضا کار) literally means "volunteer". The Razakar force was composed of mostly pro-Pakistani
Bengalis and Urdu
-speaking migrants living in erstwhile East Pakistan
). Initially, the force was under the command of local pro-Pakistani committees, but through the East Pakistan Razakar Ordinance (promulgated by General Tikka Khan
on 1 June 1971) and a Ministry of Defence ordinance (promulgated 7 September 1971), Razakars were recognized as members of the Pakistan Army
. Razakars were allegedly associated with many of the atrocities committed by the Pakistan Army
during the 9-month war (see 1971 Bangladesh atrocities
In 1971, after military crackdowns, Razakar
force was created under Pakistan Army Act Sub-Section 1. Under Sub-Section 2 and 5 two other paramilitary forces Al-Badr and Al-Shams were created as well in 1971. The Pakistan government published gazette of these in September,1971 from Rawalpindi
's Army Headquarter. After gazette the Razakars started executing and eliminating pro-independence Bangladeshis. Later on, Pakistani President published notification, and Razakars were receiving monthly salary and ration ( food supplies). Major General Jamsid was head of Razakar force.
Al-Badr force was created in October and started operation in November.
Shanti Komiti ( Peace Committee ) was created... Read More