Razakars (Pakistan)

Razakars (Pakistan)

Razakars (Pakistan)

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The Razakar () was the paramilitary force organized by the Pakistan Army during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.

The Urdu word razakar (رضا کار) literally means "volunteer". The Razakar force was composed of mostly pro-Pakistani Bengalis and Urdu-speaking migrants living in erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). Initially, the force was under the command of local pro-Pakistani committees, but through the East Pakistan Razakar Ordinance (promulgated by General Tikka Khan on 1 June 1971) and a Ministry of Defence ordinance (promulgated 7 September 1971), Razakars were recognized as members of the Pakistan Army. Razakars were allegedly associated with many of the atrocities committed by the Pakistan Army during the 9-month war (see 1971 Bangladesh atrocities).


In 1971, after military crackdowns, Razakar force was created under Pakistan Army Act Sub-Section 1. Under Sub-Section 2 and 5 two other paramilitary forces Al-Badr and Al-Shams were created as well in 1971. The Pakistan government published gazette of these in September,1971 from Rawalpindi's Army Headquarter. After gazette the Razakars started executing and eliminating pro-independence Bangladeshis. Later on, Pakistani President published notification, and Razakars were receiving monthly salary and ration ( food supplies). Major General Jamsid was head of Razakar force.

Al-Badr force was created in October and started operation in November.

Shanti Komiti ( Peace Committee ) was created...
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