: al-Bahr al-Ahmar) is one of the 15 wilayat
or states of Sudan
(the total reduced following the secession of South Sudan in July 2011). It has an area of 218,887 km² and an estimated population of 1,396,000 (2010). Port Sudan
is the capital of the state. Sudan claims, but doesn't control the Hala'ib Triangle
, a region disputed between Sudan
. The original inhabitants of the State are the Beja Tribes, who constitute above 65% of the current population with lower wealth and power in the region.
Geographically, in the east, bordering the state, is the Red Sea
. Inland, mountains run from north to south, which are interrupted by arid plains. To the northwest is the Nubian Desert
. The Siyal Islands
are located in the disputed area between Egypt and Sudan in the northeast.
The Sudanese state is divided into the eight administrative areas: Bur Sudan (Port Sudan), Gebiet ELma'din, Halayib, Haya, Sawakin, Sinkat ,Gunob Awlieb , Derodieb, Tokar and Ageeg.
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