Reform of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
encompasses five key issues: categories of membership, the question of the veto
held by the five permanent members, regional representation, the size of an enlarged Council and its working methods, and the Security Council-General Assembly relationship. Member States, regional groups and other Member State interest groupings developed different positions and proposals on how to move forward on this contested issue.
The reform of the Security Council requires the agreement of at least two-thirds of UN member states and that of all the permanent members of the UNSC, enjoying the veto right.
Even though the geopolitical realities have changed drastically since 1945, when the set-up of the current Council was decided, the Security Council
has changed very little during this long period. The winners of Second World War
shaped the Charter of the United Nations
in their national interests, dividing the veto
-power pertinent to the permanent seats amongst themselves.With the enlargement of the United Nations
membership and increasing self-confidence among the new members, going hand in hand with processes of decolonization
, old structures and procedures... Read More