has developed a number of dialects, distinct from the General/Standard Indian English
that educators have attempted to establish and institutionalize, and it is possible to distinguish a person's sociolinguistic background from the dialect that they employ. These dialects are influenced by the different languages that different sections of the country also speak, side by side with English. The dialects can differ markedly in their phonology, to the point that two speakers using two different dialects can find each others' accents mutually unintelligible.
Indian English is a "network of varieties", resulting from an extraordinarily complex linguistic situation in the country. (See Official languages of India
.) This network comprises both regional and occupational dialects of English. The widely recognized dialects include Malayali English, Tamilian English, Punjabi English, Bengali English, Hindi English, alongside several more obscure dialects such as Butler English (a.k.a. Bearer English), Babu English, and Bazaar English and several code-mixed
varieties of English.
The formation of these regional/socio-economic dialects is the same form of language contact
that has given rise to Scottish English
.<ref... Read More