Within the framework of WHO
's definition of health
as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, reproductive health
, or sexual health
, addresses the reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of life. Reproductive health, therefore, implies that people are able to have a responsible, satisfying and safer sex life
and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide
if, when and how often to do so. Implicit in this are the right of men and women to be informed
of and to have access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of birth control
of their choice; and the right of access to appropriate health care services
and reproductive medicine
that will enable women to go safely
and provide couples with the best chance of having a healthy infant.
According to the WHO, "Reproductive and sexual ill-health accounts for 20% of the global burden of ill-health for women, and 14% for men."
An unofficial working definition for sexual health is that "Sexual health is a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of... Read More