The Republic of Korea Army
: 대한민국 육군, Hanja
: 大韓民國 陸軍, Revised Romanization
: Daehanminguk Yuk-gun) is the largest of the military branches of the South Korean armed forces
with 520,000 members as of 2010. This size is maintained through conscription; South Korean men must complete 21 months of military service between graduation of high school and the age of 35. The Republic of Korea maintains a well equipped army, making it one of the most powerful in Asia. Its primary function is to defend the country's terrain from enemies, most notably the DPRK.
The army is structured to operate in both the mountainous terrain native to the Korean Peninsula
(70% mountainous) and in North Korea with its 1 million strong Korean People's Army
, two-thirds of which is permanently garrisoned in the frontline near the DMZ
. The current administration has initiated a program over the next two decades to design a purely domestic means of self-defense, whereby South Korea
would be able to fully counter a North Korean
The ROK Army was formerly organized into 3 armies: the First Army (FROKA), Second Army (2nd OC), and Third Army (TROKA), each with its own headquarters, corps, and divisions. The Third Army was responsible for the defense of the capital as well as the western section of the DMZ
. The First Army was responsible for the defense of the eastern section of the DMZ whereas the 2nd OC formed the rearguard.
Under a restructuring... Read More