The Republican Party of Turkmenistan
(Türkmenistanyň Respublikan partiýasynyň
) is one of several dissident political parties
that have been outlawed within Turkmenistan
. Leaders of the exile-based RPT include Nurmuhammet Hanamow
who went into exile in 2002 and Annadurdy Hajyýew
, whose sister Ogulsapar Myradowa
died in a Turkmen prison in September 2006. The latest opposition party, RPT operates in exile
- since all opposition is banned within Turkmenistan, it was forced to form and operate from abroad.
Turkmen in exile
There are two major groupings of Turkmen
in exile. The first are opposition or dissidents, usually of a democratic bent. The second are exiled Turkmen politicians, often former high-ranking government officials who were incriminated in Niyazov's alleged attempted murder in November 2002, reformists of varying stripes.
With the death of Saparmurat Niyazov
on December 21, 2006, some thought the situation might change, possibly opening for the expansion of multiple parties within the nation, but such hopes did not materialize, as Niyazov's successor Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
made no substantial changes to the country's system, with the DPT remaining the only legal party and only Niyazov's cult of personality being reduced.