Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia

Revolutionary Government Of The Republic Of Indonesia

Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia

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The Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Pemerintah Revolusioner Republik Indonesia/PRRI) was a rebel movement led by army officers of the Indonesian Army.

The Rebellion of the Colonels

The movement was started when a clash of few military factions inside the newly formed Indonesian Army backgrounded by the political rivalry began to demand of a new law on local autonomy all over the country. After their demands were not met they began to rebel against the government. The rebellions included:
  • Dewan Banteng in Central Sumatra which on 20 December 1956 under the leadership of Lieutenant Colonel Ahmad Hussein (commander of the 4th regiment of the Territorial Army in Sumatra) began to take over the local government of Central Sumatra.
  • Dewan Gajah in East Sumatra under Colonel Mauluddin Simbolon (Supreme Commander of the Territorial Army in Sumatra) which on 22 December on the same year began to take over the government of East Sumatra and cut all relation with the government.
  • Dewan Garuda in South Sumatra which on 15 January 1957 under Lieutenant Colonel Barlian takeover the local government of South Sumatra.


End of the rebellion

In 15 February 1958 Lieutenant Colonel Ahmad Hussein declared the existence of PRRI. The Government in Jakarta immediately sent the army to destroy the rebellion and dishonorably discharged the three colonels. Army chief of staff Nasution Army immediately announced that the territorial army would be placed under his...
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